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TEAM™ – Further Information


  1. Cooper S. Connell C. Cant R. Use of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure in the rating of emergency teams’ non‐technical skills: A mapping review. Emergency Medicine Australia (2023)
  2. McKay A, Walker ST, Brett SJ, Vincent C, Sevdalis N. Team performance in resuscitation teams: Comparison and critique of two recently developed scoring tools. Resuscitation 83 (2012) 1478– 1483
  3. Cooper S, Cant R, Sellick K, Porter J, Somers G, Kinsman L, Nestel D. Rating medical emergency teamwork performance: development of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM). Resuscitation. 2010. 81. 446-452.
  4. Cooper S, Cant R, Porter J, Missen K, Sparkes L, McConnell-Henry T, Endacott R., Managing Patient Deterioration: Assessing Teamwork and Individual Performance. Emerg. Med. J. 2012. Published on line 19 May 2012. doi:10.1136/emermed-2012-201312
  5. Cooper S, Janghorbani M, Cooper G. A decade of in-hospital resuscitation: outcomes and prediction of survival. Resuscitation. 2006; 68: 231-37.
  6. Abella BS, Alvarado J, Myklebust H, Edelson DP, Barry A, O’Hearn N, Vanden H, Becker L. Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during in-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA. 2005; 293: 305-10.
  7. Cooper S, O’Carroll J, Jenkin A, Badger B. Collaborative practices in unscheduled emergency care: role and impact of the emergency care practitioner qualitative and summative findings. Emerg. Med. J. 2007; 24: 625-29.
  8. DeVita MA, Schaefer J, Lutz J, Wang H, Dongilli T. Improving medical emergency team (MET) performance using a novel curriculum and a computerised human patient simulator. Qual Saf Health Care. 2005; 14: 326-31.
  9. Thomas EJ, Taggart B, Crandell S, Lasky RE, Williams AL. Love LJ, Sexton JB, Tyson JE, Helmreich RL. Teaching teamwork during the Neonatal Resuscitation Program: A randomised trial. Journal of Perinatology. 2007; 27: 409-14.
  10. Ummenhofer W, Amsler F, Sutter P, Martina B, Martin J, Scheidegger D. Team performance in the emergency room: Assessment of inter-disciplinary attitudes. Resuscitation. 2001; 49: 39-46.
  11. Flin R, Maran N. Non-technical skills: identifying, training, and assessing safe behaviours In: H R (ed.) Manual of Simulation in Healthcare.: Oxford University Press. 2008.
  12. Clark P. Teamwork: Building Healthier Workplaces and Providing Safer Patient Care. Crit Care Nurs Quarterly. 2009; 32: 221-31
  13. Perkins GD, Boyle W, Bridgestock H, Davies S, Oliver Z, Bradburn S, Green C, Davies RP, Cooke MW. Quality of CPR during advanced resuscitation training. Resuscitation. 2008; 77: 69-74.
  14. Draycott TJ, Crofts JF, Ash JP, Wilson LV, Yard E, Sibanda T, Whitelaw A. Improving neonatal outcome through practical shoulder dystocia training. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2008;112:14—20.
  15. Fletcher G, Flin R, P. M, Glavin R, Maran N, Patey R. Anaesthetists’ Non-Technical Skills (ANTS): Evaluation of a behavioural marker system. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2003; 90: 580-88.
  16. Flin R, Yule S. Leadership for safety: industrial experience. Qual. Saf. Health Care. 2004; 13.
  17. Flin R, Maran N. Identifying and training non-technical skills for teams in acute medicine. Qual. Saf. Health Care. 2004; 13.
  18. Endsley MR. Situation awareness global assessment technique (SAGAT). National Aerospace and Electronics Conference (NAECON) New York, 1988; 798-95.
  19. Cant R, Cooper SJ. The benefits of debriefing as formative feedback in nurse education. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing 2011; 29(1) 37-47.. Open access At:
  20. Cooper S., McConnell-Henry T., Cant R., Porter J., Missen K., Kinsman L., Endacott R., Scholes J. Managing deteriorating patients: Registered nurses’ performance in a simulated setting. The Open Nursing Journal,  2011, 5: 120-126 [DOI: 10.2174/18744346011050100120]
  21. Endacott R, Scholes J, Cooper S, McConnell-Henry T, Porter J, Missen K, Kinsman L, Champion R. Identifying patient deterioration: using simulation and reflective review to examine decision making skills in a rural hospital. International Journal of Nursing Studies. Accepted 15/10/11. Pre-publication on line at
  22. Cooper S. Bulle B. Biro MA. Jones J.. Miles M. Gilmour C. Buykx P. Boland R. Kinsman L. Scholes J. Endacott R. Managing women with acute physiological deterioration: student midwives performance in a simulated setting. Women and Birth. Accepted 25/8/11 Pre-publication on line at
  23. Buykx, P., Kinsman, L., Cooper, S., McConnell-Henry, T., Cant, R., Endacott, R. & Scholes, J. FIRST2ACT: Educating nurses to identify patient deterioration – a theory-based model for best practice simulation education. Nurse Education Today, 2011. 31(7), 687-693
  24. Endacott R. Cooper S. Scholes J. Kinsman L. McConnell-Henry T. Final-year nursing students’ ability to assess, detect and act on clinical cues of deterioration in a simulated environment. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2010. 66(12), 2722–2731
  25. Cooper S. Kinsman L. Buykx P. McConnell-Henry T. Endacott R. Scholes J. Managing the Deteriorating Patient in a Simulated Environment: Nursing Students’ Knowledge, Skill, And Situation Awareness. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2010; 19(15), 2309-2318.
  26. Brown D, Chronister C. The Effect of Simulation Learning on Critical Thinking and Self-confidence When Incorporated Into an Electrocardiogram Nursing Course. Clinical Simulation in Nursing. 2009; 5: 45-52.
  27. Moorthy K, Munz Y, Adams S, Pandey V, Darzi A. A human factors analysis of technical and team skills among surgical trainees during procedural simulations in a simulated operating theatre. Ann Surg. 2005; 242: 631-39.
  28. Cooper S & Wakelam A. Leadership of Resuscitation Teams: ‘Lighthouse Leadership’. Resuscitation, 1999. 42, 27-45.
  29. Cooper S. Leadership Training – An investigation of the effectiveness of a leadership training programme incorporated into the UK Advanced Life Support Course. Resuscitation, 2001. 49, 33-38
  30. Cooper S, Bradbury M, Blakely G. Expert clinical examiner’s decision processes in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs); is intuition a valid and reliable decision strategy? International Journal of Clinical Skills. 2009. 3(3):140-146.