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TEAM™ – Updates Bibliography

This page includes latest updates on the Team™ and a related Bibliography.

TEAM Citations: The following papers report studies that have cited/incorporated TEAM (Updated Oct 2021)

  1. Dewolf, P., Vanneste, M., Desruelles, D., & Wauters, L. (2021). Measuring non-technical skills during prehospital advanced cardiac life support: A pilot study. Resuscitation Plus8, 100171.
  2. Karlgren K; Dahlström A; Birkestam A; Norling AD; Forss G; Franko MA; Cooper S; Leijon T; Paulsson C; (2021) The TEAM instrument for measuring emergency team performance. – Validation of the Swedish version at two emergency departments. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine. 29-139 The paper can be found here:

  3. Boet S, Etherington N, Larrigan S, et al. Measuring the teamwork performance of teams in crisis situations: a systematic review of assessment tools and their measurement properties BMJ Qual Saf2019; 28:327–337. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2018-008260

  4. Hultin M, et al. Reliability of instruments that measure situation awareness, team performance and task performance in a simulation setting with medical students BMJ Open 2019; 9:e029412. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029412
  5. Ashley Siems, et al. Improving Pediatric Rapid Response Team Performance Through Crew Resource Management Training of Team Leaders Hospital Pediatrics, Feb 2017.
  6. Boet S, Dylan Bould M, Sharma B. Within-team debriefing versus instructor-led debriefing for simulation-based education: A randomized controlled trial. Ann Surg 2013; 258: 53-8.
  7. Cant R.P, Cooper S.J. The benefits of debriefing as formative feedback in nurse education. Aust J Adv Nurs 2011; 29: 37-47.
  8. Cant, RP, Porter, JE, Cooper, SJ, Roberts, K, Wilson, I, Gartside, C. (2016) Improving the non-technical skills of hospital medical emergency teams: The Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM™). Emergency Medicine Australasia. 28, 6, 641-646.
  9. Chalwin R.P. Utility and assessment of non-technical skills for rapid response systems and medical emergency teams. Int Med J 2013; 43: 962-9.
  10. Cheng, A; Nadkarni, V; Mancini, M; Hunt E. et al  Resuscitation education science: educational strategies to improve outcomes from cardiac arrest: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2018 Aug 7;138(6):e82-e122
  11. Cook, DA, Zendejas B, Hamstra S.J, Hatala R, Brydges R. et al. What counts as validity evidence? Examples and prevalence in a systematic review of simulation-based assessment. Adv Health Sci Educ 2013; 1-18.
  12. Cooper S. Cant R. Connell C, Sims L. Porter J. Symmons M. Nestel D. Liaw SY. Measuring teamwork performance: Validity testing of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM) with clinical resuscitation teams. Resuscitation. 2016; 101; 97-101
  13. Cooper S, Cant R, Porter J, Missen K, Sparkes L, McConnell-Henry T, Endacott R. Managing patient deterioration: Assessing teamwork and individual performance. Emerg Med J 2013; 30: 377-81.
  14. Cooper S, Beauchamp A, Bogossian F, et al. Managing patient deterioration: A protocol for enhancing undergraduate nursing students’ competence through web-based simulation and feedback techniques. BMC Nursing 2012; 11: art. no. 18.
  15. Cooper S, McConnell-Henry T, Cant R., et al. Managing deteriorating patients: Registered nurses’ performance in a simulated setting. Open Nurs J 2011; 5: 120-6.
  16. Everett, T; Morgan, P; Brydges, R; Kurrek M. The impact of critical event checklists on medical management and teamwork during simulated crises in a surgical day care facility. Anaesthesia. 2017 Mar;72(3):350-358
  17. Edwards S, Siassakos D. Training teams and leaders to reduce resuscitation errors and improve patient outcome. Resuscitation 2012; 83:13-15.
  18. Eppich W, Howard V, Vozenilek J, Curran I. Simulation-based team training in healthcare. Simulation in Healthcare 2011; 6: S14-S19.
  19. Flowerdew L, Brown R, Vincent C, Woloshynowych M. Editor’s Capsule Summary. Ann Emerg Med 2012; 59: 376-85.
  20. Flowerdew L, Brown R, Vincent C, Woloshynowych M. Development and validation of a tool to assess emergency physicians’ nontechnical skills. Ann Emerg Med 2012; 59:376-85.e4
  21. Franck, E; Roes, L; De Schepper S, et al. Team Resource Management and Quality of Care. The Organizational Context of Nursing Practice pp 217-237. Book Chapter.
  22. Gillon S, Radford S, Chalwin R, DeVita M, Endacott R, Jones D. Crisis resource management, simulation training and the medical emergency team. Critical Care and Resuscitation 2012; 14: 227-35.
  23. Hart P.L, Brannan J.D, Long J.M, Maguire MBR, Brooks BK, Robley LR. Effectiveness of a structured curriculum focused on recognition and response to acute patient deterioration in an undergraduate BSN program. Nurs Educ Pract 2014; 14(1), 30-6
  24. Hart P.L, Maguire M.B.R, Brannan J.D, Long J.M, Robley L.R, Brooks B.K. Improving BSN Students’ performance in recognizing and responding to clinical deterioration. Clinical Simulation in Nursing 2013; Volume 10, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages e25-e32
  25. Henry B.W, McCarthy D.M, Nannicelli A.P, Seivert N.P, Vozenilek J.A. Patients’ views of teamwork in the emergency department offer insights about team performance. Health Expect. 2016 Jun;19(3):702-15.
  26. Higham, H; Greig, P; Rutherford J. Observer-based tools for non-technical skills assessment in simulated and real clinical environments in healthcare: a systematic review.  BMJ Qual Saf. 2019 May 25;
  27. Kilday D, Spiva L, Barnett J, Parker C, Hart P. The effectiveness of combined training modalities on Neonatal Rapid Response Teams. Clin Simul Nurs 2013; e249-56.
  28. Kim H.J, Je S.M, Chung H.S, Chung S.P, Lee H.S. Assessment and training of teamwork and leadership for Critical Care Nurses: A pilot study. Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2012; 27: 75-81.
  29. LeBlanc V.R, Bould M.D, McNaughton N, Brydges R, Piquette D, Sharma B. (2011). 18: Simulation in Postgraduate Medical Education. [report] The College of Family Physicians of Canada. At:
  30. Leblanc V.R. Review article: Simulation in anesthesia: State of the science and looking forward. Can J Anesthes 2012; 59: 193-202.
  31. Mahramus T, Frewin S, Penoyer D.A, Sole M.L. Perceptions of teamwork among Code Team members. Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS 2012; 27: 291-7.
  32. Marlow, S; Lacerenza, C; Iwig, C; Salas E. Assessing health care team performance: A review of tools and the evidence supporting their use.
  33. McKay A,Walker S.T, Brett S.J, Vincent C, Sevdalis N. Team performance in resuscitation teams: Comparison and critique of two recently developed scoring tools. Resuscitation 2012; 83: 1478-83.
  34. Missen K, Sparkes L, Porter J, Cooper S, McConnell-Henry T. Developing team based acute care scenarios: A rural hospital experience. Int Emerg Nurs 2013; 21: 186-9.
  35. Moody, L. (2012). Human Factors and lean in the ER: A review of the literature. Symposium on Human Factors and Ergonomics in HealthCare, Mercer University 2012. At:
  36. Mullan P.C, Wuestner E, Kerr T.D, Christopher D.P, Patel B. Implementation of an In Situ Qualitative Debriefing Tool for Resuscitations. Resuscitation 2013; 84: 946-51.
  37. Norris E.M, Lockey A.S. Human factors in resuscitation teaching. Resuscitation 2012; 83:423-7.
  38. Nolan J.P, Ornato J.P, Parr M.J.A, Perkins G.D, Soar J. Resuscitation highlights in 2012. Resuscitation 2013; 84: 129-36.
  39. Onwochei, D; Halpern, S; Balki M et al. Teamwork assessment tools in obstetric emergencies: a systematic review. Simul Healthc. 2017 Jun;12(3):165-176
  40. Rehim, S; DeMoor, S; Olmsted, R; Dent D. Tools for assessment of communication skills of hospital action teams: a systematic review. J Surg Educ. 2017 Mar – Apr;74(2):341-351.
  41. Rens W, Venema A, Cloin J, van Belkom P, Kleinveld S, Schakelaar L, .van Driel P. Traumatic cardiac arrest: When the going gets tough, the tough… get together! Resuscitation 2013; 84, S98-S8.
  42. Siassakos D, Fox R, Crofts J.F, Hunt L.P, Winter C, Draycott T.J. The management of a simulated emergency: Better teamwork, better performance. Resuscitation 2011; 82: 203-6.
  43. Sigalet, E., Donnon, T.,Cheng, A., Cooke, S.,Robinson, T., Bissett, W.,Grant, V. Development of a team performance scale to assess undergraduate health professionals. Acad Med 2013; 88: 989-96.
  44. Smyth M, Perkins G.D. Self-directed learning: Does it affect team performance? Resuscitation 2011; 82: 241-2.
  45. Sørensen J.L, Van der Vleuten C, Lindschou J, et al. ‘In situ simulation’ versus ‘off site simulation’ in obstetric emergencies and their effect on knowledge, safety attitudes, team performance, stress, and motivation: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2013; 14: art. no. 220.
  46. Sweberg, T; Sen, A; Mullan, P; Cheng A. Description of hot debriefings after in-hospital cardiac arrests in an international pediatric quality improvement collaborative. Resuscitation. 2018 Jul;128:181-187
  47. Valentine, M; Nembhard, I; Edmondson A. Measuring teamwork in health care settings: a review of survey instruments Medical Care, 2015 Apr;53(4):e16-30.
  48. Walker S, Brett S, McKay A, Lambden S, Vincent C, Sevdalis N. Observational Skill-based Clinical Assessment tool for Resuscitation (OSCAR): Development and validation. Resuscitation 2011; 82: 835-44.
  49. Weller J, Shulruf B, Torrie J, et al. Validation of a measurement tool for self-assessment of teamwork in intensive care. Br. J Anaes 2013; 111: 460-7.
  50. Yeung J.H.Y, Ong G.J, Davies R.P, Gao, F, Perkins G.D. Factors affecting team leadership skills and their relationship with quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Crit Care Med 2012; 40: 2617-21


  1. Developing a high-performance team training framework for internal medicine residents: the ABC’S of teamwork. Carbo AR, Tess AV, Roy C, Weingart SN: J Patient Saf; 2011 Jun;7(2):72-6
    Go to the online record:
  2. Observational teamwork assessment for surgery: content validation and tool refinement. Hull L, Arora S, Kassab E, Kneebone R, Sevdalis N: J Am Coll Surg; 2011 Feb;212(2):234-243.
    Go to the online record:
  3. Teamwork and team performance in multidisciplinary cancer teams: development and evaluation of an observational assessment tool. Lamb BW, Wong HW, Vincent C, Green JS, Sevdalis N: BMJ Qual Saf; 2011 Oct;20(10):849-56
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  4. Measuring teamwork and conflict among emergency medical technician personnel. Patterson PD, Weaver MD, Weaver SJ, Rosen MA, Todorova G, Weingart LR, Krackhardt D, Lave JR, Arnold RM, Yealy DM, Salas E: Prehosp Emerg Care; 2012 Jan;16(1):98-108
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  5. Teamwork skills, shared mental models, and performance in simulated trauma teams: an independent group design. Westli HK, Johnsen BH, Eid J, Rasten I, Brattebi G: Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med; 2010;18:47
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  6. Comparison of checklist and anchored global rating instruments for performance rating of simulated paediatric emergencies. Adler MD, Vozenilek JA, Trainor JL, Eppich WJ, Wang EE, Beaumont JL, Aitchison PR, Pribaz PJ, Erickson T, Edison M, McGaghie WC: Simul Healthc; 2011 Feb;6(1):18-24
    Go to the online record:
  7. Development of a formative assessment tool for measurement of performance in multi-professional resuscitation teams. Andersen PO, Jensen MK, Lippert A, Stergaard D, Klausen TW: Resuscitation; 2010 Jun;81(6):703-11
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  8. Teamwork and leadership in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Hunziker S, Johansson AC, Tschan F, Semmer NK, Rock L, Howell MD, Marsch S: J Am Coll Cardiol; 2011 Jun 14;57(24):2381-8
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  9. Determination of the psychometric properties of a behavioural marking system for obstetrical team training using high-fidelity simulation. Morgan PJ, Tregunno D, Pittini R, Tarshis J, Regehr G, Desousa S, Kurrek M, Milne K: BMJ Qual Saf; 2012 Jan;21(1):78-82
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  10. A web-based team-oriented medical error communication assessment tool: development, preliminary reliability, validity, and user ratings. Kim S, Brock D, Prouty CD, Odegard PS, Shannon SE, Robins L, Boggs JG, Clark FJ, Gallagher T: Teach Learn Med; 2011 Jan;23(1):68-77
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  11. Evaluation of an instrument to measure teamwork in multidisciplinary critical care teams. Weller J, Frengley R, Torrie J, Shulruf B, Jolly B, Hopley L, Hendersdon K, Dzendrowskyj P, Yee B, Paul A: BMJ Qual Saf; 2011 Mar;20(3):216-22
    Go to the online record:
  12. Observational Skill-based Clinical Assessment tool for Resuscitation (OSCAR): development and validation. Walker S, Brett S, McKay A, Lambden S, Vincent C, Sevdalis N: Resuscitation; 2011 Jul;82(7):835-44
    Go to the online record: